RabbitMQ-路由模式routing

RabbitMQ-路由模式routing

1.Exchange

 交换机,转发器,一方面接收生产者的消息,另一方面向队列推送消息

 匿名转发(第一个参数为"")

channel.basicPublish("","",null,msg.getBytes());

 fanout(不处理路由键):每个和交换机绑定的队列都会收到消息

channel.exchangeDeclare(EXCHANGER_NAME,"fanout");
channel.basicPublish(EXCHANGER_NAME,"",null,msg.getBytes());

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 direct(处理路由键):会根据发送的key键发送给对应队列

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 路由模式:例如发送消息带有error key,则两个队列都会收到消息,若只发送info key,下方队列会收到消息

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生产者
package com.ithzk.rabbitmq.routing;

import com.ithzk.rabbitmq.utils.RabbitMQConnectionUtils;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Channel;
import com.rabbitmq.client.Connection;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

/**
 * @author hzk
 * @date 2018/3/10
 */
public class Send {

    private final static String EXCHANGER_NAME = "test_exchange_direct";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, TimeoutException {

        Connection connection = RabbitMQConnectionUtils.getConnection();

        Channel channel = connection.createChannel();

        // 声明交换机
        channel.exchangeDeclare(EXCHANGER_NAME,"direct");

        String msg = "hello exchange direct";

        //发送error两个队列都会收到消息
        String routingKey = "error";
        //发送info 只有消费者2会收到消息
        String routingKey2 = "info";
        channel.basicPublish(EXCHANGER_NAME,routingKey2,null,msg.getBytes());

        System.out.println("Send msg"+msg);

        channel.close();
        connection.close();
    }

}

消费者1
package com.ithzk.rabbitmq.routing;

import com.ithzk.rabbitmq.utils.RabbitMQConnectionUtils;
import com.rabbitmq.client.*;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

/**
 * @author hzk
 * @date 2018/3/10
 */
public class Recv1 {

    private static final String QUEUE_NAME="test_queue_direct_one";
    private final static String EXCHANGER_NAME = "test_exchange_direct";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, TimeoutException {
        //获取连接
        Connection connection = RabbitMQConnectionUtils.getConnection();

        //从连接中获取频道
        final Channel channel = connection.createChannel();

        //声明队列
        channel.queueDeclare(QUEUE_NAME,false,false,false,null);

        String routingKey = "error";
        //绑定队列到交换机 转发器
        channel.queueBind(QUEUE_NAME,EXCHANGER_NAME,routingKey);

        //保证一次只发一个
        channel.basicQos(1);

        DefaultConsumer consumer = new DefaultConsumer(channel) {

            @Override
            public void handleDelivery(String consumerTag, Envelope envelope, AMQP.BasicProperties properties, byte[] body) throws IOException {
                String msg = new String(body, "utf-8");
                System.out.println("[1] Recv msg:" + msg);

                try {
                    Thread.sleep(10000);
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } finally {
                    System.out.println("[1] done");
                    channel.basicAck(envelope.getDeliveryTag(), false);
                }
            }
        };

       boolean autoAck = false;

       channel.basicConsume(QUEUE_NAME,autoAck,consumer);

       System.out.println("[Consumer 1 start]");


    }


}

消费者2
package com.ithzk.rabbitmq.routing;

import com.ithzk.rabbitmq.utils.RabbitMQConnectionUtils;
import com.rabbitmq.client.*;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

/**
 * @author hzk
 * @date 2018/3/10
 */
public class Recv2 {

    private static final String QUEUE_NAME="test_queue_direct_two";
    private final static String EXCHANGER_NAME = "test_exchange_direct";

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException, TimeoutException {
        //获取连接
        Connection connection = RabbitMQConnectionUtils.getConnection();

        //从连接中获取频道
        final Channel channel = connection.createChannel();

        //声明队列
        channel.queueDeclare(QUEUE_NAME,false,false,false,null);

        //绑定队列到交换机 转发器
        String routingKey = "error";
        String routingKey2 = "info";
        String routingKey3 = "warning";
        channel.queueBind(QUEUE_NAME,EXCHANGER_NAME,routingKey);
        channel.queueBind(QUEUE_NAME,EXCHANGER_NAME,routingKey2);
        channel.queueBind(QUEUE_NAME,EXCHANGER_NAME,routingKey3);

        //保证一次只发一个
        channel.basicQos(1);

        DefaultConsumer consumer = new DefaultConsumer(channel) {

            @Override
            public void handleDelivery(String consumerTag, Envelope envelope, AMQP.BasicProperties properties, byte[] body) throws IOException {
                String msg = new String(body, "utf-8");
                System.out.println("[2] Recv msg:" + msg);

                try {
                    Thread.sleep(10000);
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                } finally {
                    System.out.println("[2] done");
                    channel.basicAck(envelope.getDeliveryTag(), false);
                }
            }
        };

       boolean autoAck = false;

       channel.basicConsume(QUEUE_NAME,autoAck,consumer);

       System.out.println("[Consumer 2 start]");


    }


}

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